Met als bron: “The Costume Accessories Series: Umbrellas & Parasols” Jeremy Farrell, 1985
“nothing similar seems to exist [like the two French eighteenth century encyclopedia’s] in English, which implies that the Britisch umbrella industry was not as advanced as that of the French. During the first half of the nineteenth century, however, it caught up, but whereas the French industry was famed for its expensive, exquisitely finished productions, the English was noted for its cheapness, ascribed chiefly to the importation of duty-free raw materials from Britisch colonies and to cheap labour.” (pag.9)
Mode in parasols (pag. 25-28):
1770-1800 large, ‘staff’ parasol, “a genteel umbrella and walking stick together”
1800-1806 short handed, small-diameter parasol with a cover that could be tilted to lie parallel with the stick later called ‘marquise’, ‘fan’ parasols. Turned sticks and green covers.
1807-1810 plain stick with no turning, sometimes quite long. Cover trimmed with fringe, short at first, becoming quite long about 1809, often criss-crossed in lattice pattern echoing comtemporary furniture and curtains.
1810-1820s parasol larger than in the years before, and attempts were made to change its basic shape e.g. ‘pagoda’ due to Gothic (Tudor, Elizabethan) revival. Turned wooden sticks.
(een ‘umbrella’ is alleen voor heren??)